Peter Alexeevich Bespalov 
Principal investigator, Dr. Sc. 

Academic qualification: 
Full Professor, -1996. 
Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), - 1986.  Thesis - "Theory of plasma magnetospheric maser". 
Ph.D. in Physics, - 1978.  Thesis - "Dynamics and radiation of particle flows in Solar wind and Earth magnetosphere".  Supervisor - Victor Yu. Trakhtengerts. 
M.A. with honor in Physics (Radiophysics), Radiophysical faculty, Corky (now Nizhny Novgorod) University, - 1971.  Thesis – "On the quasilinear relaxation of unsteady plasma states". 

Research interests: 
Wave-particle interaction in Earth and Jupiter radiation belts.  Theory of generation of different types of magnetospheric electromagnetic emission, interaction between magnetospheric and ionospheric processes.  Physics of Solar wind. Physics of Solar transition region and explosive coronal arcs.  Theory of planetary plasma discs and plasmaspheres.  Particle and heat transport in turbulent space plasma.  Theory of atmospheric electricity.  Physics of low frequency oscillations in the Solar atmosphere. 

Professional employment: 
Principal investigator in Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Plasma Physics Laboratory, Division of Plasma Physics and High Power Electronic, Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences. 
Leading Scientific researcher in Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Plasma Physics Laboratory.  Department of Astrophysics and Space Plasma Physics, Division of Plasma Physics and High Power Electronic, Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences. 
Research Physicist, Senior Research Physicist. Department of Astrophysics and Space Plasma Physics, Division of Plasma Physics and High Power Electronic. Institute of Applied Physics, Russian (former USSR) Academy of Sciences. 
Engineer, Younger Research Physicist, and Research Physicist. Department of Astrophysics and Space Plasma Physics. Gorky Radiophysical Research Institute. 

Membership in academic associations: 
EGU member, AGU member, COSPAR member.

Professional recognition, awards: 
Principal investigator in six long times projects, Russian Foundation of Basic Research, 
Principal investigator in INTAS project. 
Awards for participation in International Conferences. 
Teaching interest: 
P.A. Bespalov many years read the courses of lectures on Thermodynamics and Statistical mechanics for the students of the Technical University in Nizhny Novgorod.  P.A. Bespalov was scientific leader in 4 Ph.D theses and one doctoral degree thesis. 
Published works:
Bespalov P.A., Trakhtengerts V.Yu. Alfven Masers, Gorky, 1986, 190 p. (in Russian)
Book Chapters -2
Reviews - 6
Articles - 126 
Original research contribution: 
P.A. Bespalov produced important contribution to creation of the contemporary theory of collective effects and global processes in the plasmaspheres of planets and stars. The parameters of steady-state at the finite width of electromagnetic wave spectra are examined. Oscillatory processes in the particle fluxes and wave spectra are analyzed. The possibility of specific instability of the radiation belts steady-state, connected with modulation of the angular distribution function of energetic particles, is discovered. The effect of passive synchronization of modes in the plasma magnetospheric maser is discovered. The exact soliton solution with electromagnetic waves spectrum dynamic is found. The theory of quasi-periodic VLF emissions, wave of precipitations into the ionosphere, and short-period electromagnetic emissions is proposed. 

Significant attention is given to study of the plasma magnetospheric maser in the radiation belts of Jupiter. The effect of global resonance is proposed and substantiated. The reason for the excitation of chorus emissions in three spectral bands is explained. The three-dimensional temporary dynamic of cyclotron interaction of energetic electrons with electromagnetic wave in the nonuniform magnetic field is studied. Dynamic and stochastic acceleration of the epithermal charge particle fluxes in the high-latitude regions of the Earth and Jupiter magnetosphere are examined. 

Should be noted the papers, dedicated to the study of processes in the star and planetary plasma envelope. The problem of disk formation in the stellar envelope as a result of the high radiation pressure is examined. The properties of plasma disk in the magnetosphere of Jupiter are analyzed. An approach to study of the nonstationary current systems, which appear after magnetic storms, is developed. The model of planetary electric generator, which modify known ideas about nature of atmospheric electricity and electrodynamics of the rotating star and planetary plasma envelope, is examined. 

Significant progress is achieved during the study of collective processes in the Solar atmosphere. The multivariate quasi-linear relaxation of electronic fluxes in the Solar corona is analyzed. The reason for different time scales of energetic proton and electron fluxes dispersion during the explosive processes with the high level of plasma turbulence in the coronal arches is explained. The special features of transfer and resonant amplification of hydromagnetic waves in the two-dimensional not uniform Solar wind are examined. The generalized Wiedemann–Franz law for the non-isothermic quasi-neutral plasma with developed ion-acoustic turbulence is proved. This law determines the relationship between electrical and thermal conductivities in plasma with well-developed ion-acoustic turbulence. The anomalously low thermal conductivity, which leads to the formation of high temperature gradients, is explained. These results are used to explain some properties of the Solar chromosphere – corona transition region.
List of selected publications: 
1. Bespalov P.A., Trakhtengerts V.Yu. Turbulent dispersion of fast particle cloud in plasma. - Sov.Phys. JETP, v.40, No.3, p.480-483. 
2. Bespalov P.A., Quasilinear relaxation of the system "beam - isotropic plasma". - Fizika Plazmy, 1977, v.3, No.5, p.1118-1127. 
3. Bespalov P.A. Self-modulation of Alfven maser radiation. - JETP Lett. v.33, No. 4, p. 182-185. 
4. Bespalov P.A. Self-excitation of periodic cyclotron instability regimes in a plasma magnetic trap. - Physica Scripta, 1982, v.7, No.2, p.576-679. 
5. Bespalov P.A., Chugunov Yu.V. Plasmasphere formation in rotating magnetic field. - Planetary and Space Sci., 1984, v. 32, No.3, p. 365-371. 
6. Bespalov P.A. Passive mode synchronization in masers with non-equidistant spectrum. - Zhurnal eksperimentalnoi i  teoreticheskoi fiziki, 1984, v.87, No.12, p.1894-1905. 
7. Bespalov P.A. Stationary regime of cyclotron instability of  radiation belts. - Fizika Plazmy, 1985, v 11, No. 4, p. 446-451 
8. Bespalov P.A. A global resonance in the Jovian radiation belts. -  Sov.Astron.Lett., 1985, v.11, p.30-32. 
9. Bespalov P.A, Trakhtengerts V.Yu. Cyclotron instability of the Earth radiation belts. - Reviews of Plasma Physics, ed. By M.A.Leontovich. - N.Y.: Plenum Publ , 1986, v.10, p.155-292. 
10. Bespalov P.A., Zaitsev V.V., Stepanov A.N., On the Origin of Time Delays in Hard X-ray and Gamma-emission of Solar Flares. - Solar Physics, 1987, v. 114, No. 1, p. 127-140. 
11. Bespalov P.A. Three whistler excitation bands in Jupiter's  radiation belts. - Sov. Astron. Lett. 1987, v. 13, No. 6 , p. 461-463. 
12. Bespalov P.A., Kleymenova N.G. The influence of geomagnetic pulsations on whistler emissions near the plasmopause (A Review). - Geomagnetism and Aerononomy, 1989, v.29, No.2, p.161-171.
13. Bespalov P.A., Zheleznyakov V.V. Formation of disks around hot magnetic stars under the action of radiation pressure. - Sov. Astron. Lett. 1990, v. 16, p. 442-449. 
14. Bespalov P.A, Zaitsev V.V., Stepanov A.V. Consequences of strong pitch-angle diffusion of particles in solar flares. - Astrophys. Journ., 1991, v. 374, No. 1, p. 369-373. 
15. Bespalov P.A. Effective saturation of absorption in a plasma magnetospheric maser. - In book: Nonlinear Space Plasma Physics, R.Z.Sagdeev -Editor-in-Chief, American Institute of Physics, 1993, p. 339-346. 
16. Bespalov P.A., Efremova V.G. Slightly anisotropic energetic electron fluxes in a turbulent space plasma. - Planetary and Space Sciense, 1993, v. 41, No. 10, p. 785-790. 
17. Bespalov P.A., Chugunov Yu.V. Plasmasphere rotation and the nature of atmospheric electricity. - Doklady RAN , 1994, v. 337, No. 4, p. 467-471. 
18. Bespalov P.A., Davydenko S.S. On the structure of the plasma disk in the Jovian magnetosphere. - Planetary and Space Sci., 1994, v. 42, No. 7, p. 583-592. 
19. Bespalov P.A., Chugunov Yu.V. Planetary plasma envelope rotation and the nature of atmospheric electricity. - J. Atmosph. Terr. Phys., 1996, v. 58, No. 5, p. 601-604. 
20. Bespalov P.A. Self-consistent model of clock event in outer jovian electron radiation belts. - Planetary and Space Science, 1996, v. 44, No. 6, p. 565-568. 
21. Grafe A., Trakhtengerts V.Yu., Bespalov P.A., Demekhov A.G. The evolution of the low latitude geomagnetic storm field and the importance of turbulent diffusion for ring current particle losses, - J. Geophys. Res., 1996, v. 101, No. A11, p. 24689-24706. 
22. Bespalov P.A., Misonova V.G. Formation of energetic particle fluxes by electrostatic structures in strongly disturbed auroral magnetosphere. - Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2001, v. 63, Issue 16, p. 1753-1762. 
23. Bespalov P.A., Misonova V.G. Acceleration of charged particle fluxes by turbulent electrostatic solitary structures in auroral plasma. - Adv. Space. Res., 2002, v. 30, No. 7, p. 1651-1656. 
24. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Natural Superrotation of a Rarefied Planetary Atmosphere. - Astronomy Letters, 2003, v. 29, No. 1, p.50-57. 
25. Rapoport V.O., Bespalov P.A., Mityakov N.A., Parrot. M., Ryzhov N.A. Feasibility study of ionospheric perturbations triggered by monochromatic infrasonic waves emitted with a ground-based experiment. - J. Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Phys., 2004, v.66, p. 1011-1017. 
26. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Global synchronization of the fluctuations of the level of whistler emissions near Jupiter as the consequence of the three-dimensional rectification of the quality of the magnetospheric resonator.- JETP Letters, 2005, v. 81, No.4, p. 186-191. 
27. Bespalov, P.A., Savina O.N., Cowley S.W.H. Synchronized oscillations in whistler wave intensity and energetic electron fluxes in Jupiters middle magnetosphere. - J. Geophys. Res., 2005, v.110, A09209, doi:10:1029/2005JA011147. 
28. Bespalov P.A., Misonova V.G., Cowley S.W.H. Field-aligned particle acceleration on auroral field lines by interaction with transient density cavities stimulated by kinetic Alfven waves. - Ann. Geophys., 2006, v. 24, p. 1-17. 
29. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Generalized Wiedemann-Franz law and temperature jump in space plasmas with ion-acoustic turbulence. - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 2007, v. 382, L63-L66, doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2007.00389.x.
30. Savilov A.V.; Bespalov P.A.; Ronald K.; Phelps A.D.R. Dynamics of excitation of backward waves in long inhomogeneous systems. - Physics of Plasmas, 2007, v. 14, Issue 11, p. 113104-113104-11. doi: 10.1063/1.2786059.
31. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Influence of the anomalous thermal conductivity on the structure of the Solar atmosphere transition region. - Astronomy Letters, 2008, v. 34, No. 5, 344-352. 
32. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Heat Flux As a Source of Ion-Acoustic Oscillations in the Transition Region of the Solar Atmosphere. - Astronomy Letters, 2009, v. 35, No. 5, p. 343-348. 
33. Bespalov P.A., Parrot M., Manninen J. Short-period VLF emissions as solitary envelope waves in a magnetospheric plasma maser. - J. Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Phys., 2010, v. 72, p. 1275-1281. 
34. Bespalov P.A. Some new possibilities for diagnosing the magnetosphere based on whistler characteristics. - Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 2011, v. 51, No. 2, p. 226-233. 
35. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Equatorial electrojet and its response to external electromagnetic effects. - Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics , 2012, v. 55, No 4, p. 215-231.
36. Bespalov P.A., Savina O.N. Possibility of magnetospheric VLF response to atmospheric infrasonic waves. - Earth Planets Space, 2012, v. 64, No. 6, p. 451-458. doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.024.